Earlier this month conservative lawmakers hijacked a bill seeking to uproot Missouri's abstinence-focused sex-education laws. Now the sponsor of the proposed legislation, Democratic representative Clem Smith, says he's feeling more than a little betrayed.
"There was no warning and no legislative courtesy," Smith says, decrying the tactics that gutted his bill, House Bill 1904. Introduced in February, the bill was to overhaul state laws that mandate students learn about the "emotional trauma" of adolescent sex. Instead, legislators morphed the bill into a slightly tweaked mirror image of the existing law.
"They put a Ginsu knife to it and chopped up 90 percent of my bill," bemoans Smith.
Currently, the Missouri statutes defining sexual education are built on the notions that A) Teen sex is bad; and B) Abstinence is the best way to combat teen pregnancy and the spread of STDs.
Here's the first section from that statute. It describes acceptable course material for sexual education:
Present abstinence from sexual activity as the preferred choice of behavior in relation to all sexual activity for unmarried pupils because it is the only method that is one hundred percent effective in preventing pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and the emotional trauma associated with adolescent sexual activity, and advise students that teenage sexual activity places them at a higher risk of dropping out of school because of the consequences of sexually transmitted diseases and unplanned pregnancy.
Initially, Smith's bill would have retained language describing abstinence as a "preferred method" to avoid pregnancy and STDs, but he wanted to cut out the scare tactics in the middle, among other changes. Sex-ed curricula built on abstinence have been tried, argues Smith, and they just don't work. (It's not just Smith: study after study has blasted moralistic, abstinence-only education as ineffective and counterproductive.)
Additionally, Smith's version of the bill aimed to lift the ban on "abortion providers" -- that is, Planned Parenthood -- from sending medically trained sexual-health educators to Missouri classrooms.
Smith's bill had a hearing on March 25. Soon after, Smith says, he received word that there would be a vote on April 1 to send his bill out of committee. Smith was unable to attend that vote.
However, unbeknownst to Smith, a Republican legislator within the committee had offered an amendment to rip the teeth from Smith's bill, removing its provisions for more comprehensive sex education. On April 1 the bill was voted out of committee, but it wasn't Smith's anymore. Though committee chairs are not required to notify a lawmaker when amending a bill, Smith says doing so is an established, common courtesy.
"I didn't know what was going on. I hadn't heard from the chairman, and I hadn't heard from the representative that filed the amendment either," he says.
Daily RFT has reached out to the sponsor of the amendment, Republican Kurt Bahr, and we'll update if we hear back.
Unlike Smith's HB 1904, the current form of the bill is virtually identical to the law already on the books. There's a new paragraph requiring schools to teach students about avoiding sexual predators and the consequences of "inappropriate text messaging," but the ban on abortion providers was retained. Gone are Smith's additions for more information on contraception.
Continue to read Smith's original HB 1904 and the version gutted by GOP legislators.
Here's the HB 1904 as Smith intended. It includes provisions for broader contraception education and strikes the current law's moralizing language.
(Note: The regular text is the existing language of the state statute; text in bold represents Smith's additions; brackets represent the portions Smith wanted to cut out.)
And here's the bill that was voted out of committee on April 1. The language was amended using what's known as a House Committee Substitute (HCS). Here, the bold text are the committee's additions. The major provisions of Smith's original bill are gone.
"The whole spirit of the bill is pretty much gutted," Smith laments. "Some of the conservative members of the legislature tend to think people live in a cave."
The brunt of his frustration, Smith adds, revolves around the committee's decision to cut out more comprehensive education about STDs.
"We know that the only way to stop a pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection is to abstain from sex, but if students aren't going to follow that, they need to know about the other infections, the other things that are out there."